The value of pistachios grown in the United States has nearly quadrupled since 2000. The production volume of pistachios in the United States reached a maximum in 2016 and 2017 at around 407 thousand metric tons, and dropped to about 272 thousand metric tons in the following fiscal year. The pistachio prices are also known to fluctuate. The production price of pistachios in the United States saw a steep increase between 2012 and 2015, before decreasing to around 1.70 U.S. dollars per pound in 2016 and 2017.
As the top producer of pistachios in the world, the United States is also the top exporter of pistachios. In 2017, the United States exported over one billion U.S. dollars worth of pistachios; nearly double that of Iran. The country that buys the most foreign pistachios in that year was China, followed by the European Union. The majority of the pistachios exported from the United States were fresh or dried, rather than preserved or prepared.
Consumption of pistachios in 2017 and 2018 amounted to about 651 thousand metric tons, which came to about 0.09 kilograms per person worldwide. Americans consume much more pistachios than the global average, at around 0.42 pounds on average in 2017 and 2018, up from 0.18 pounds in the previous year.