U.S. Agriculture - Statistics & Facts
Statistics and facts about U.S. agriculture
Thanks to its natural resources and land conditions, the United States was always destined to be one of the world’s leading agricultural producers and suppliers. In 2014, the U.S. farming industry employed more than 827 thousand people around the country.
Across the U.S. there are numerous farms of various sizes. In 2014, the total number of farms stood at approximately 2.08 million. On average, farms in the U.S. are around 438 acres in size and in total there are nearly 913 million acres of farmland across the country, of which slightly more than one third is operated by full owners. Altogether the real estate value of farming land in the U.S. amounted to more than two trillion U.S. dollars.
The United States is a major player in the global trade of agricultural products. In 2014, exports of agricultural products were worth some 151 billion U.S. dollars. The most important countries of destination were China, Canada, and Mexico. Conversely, imports worth around 112 billion U.S. dollars made their way into the United States that year. The principal countries/regions of origin were Canada, the European Union, and Mexico.
Farming also involves significant production costs. In the United States, expenditures totaled nearly 311 billion U.S. dollars in 2014. A closer look at the composition of these costs shows that feed made up the largest share, followed by costs associated with farm services, livestock and poultry.
Over the last decade, the issue of genetic engineering has increasingly been on the agenda. The United States has by far the highest acreage of genetically modified crops worldwide. Some crops have a very high share of GM crops per species. For example in 2016, 94 percent of all soybeans planted in the U.S. were genetically modified so as to be herbicide tolerant.
Photo: sxc.hu / kovik
|Farms and farmland||Values||Statistic|
|Total number of farms in the U.S.||2,084,000||Details →|
|Average farm size in the U.S.||438ac||Details →|
|Percentage of U.S. farmland operated by full owners||36.8%||Details →|
|Export and import||Values||Statistic|
|Total value of U.S. agricultural exports||133.05bn USD||Details →|
|Association of products made in the U.S. with "high security standards"||39%||Details →|
|Value of U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico||17.7bn USD||Details →|
|Total value of U.S. argricultural imports||113.5bn USD||Details →|
|Value of U.S. agricultural imports from the European Union||20bn USD||Details →|
|Total U.S. grain production||442.4m t||Details →|
|Total U.S. red meat production||47,437m lb||Details →|
|Total milk production in the U.S.||212bn lb||Details →|
|Total fertilizer use in the U.S.||20,783k t||Details →|
|U.S. fertilizer use for corn||10,947k t||Details →|
|U.S. fertilizer use for rice||334k t||Details →|
- Number of farms in the U.S. 2000-2014Number of farms in the U.S. 2000-2014
Total number of farms in the United States from 2000 to 2014*
- Top U.S. states based on number of farms 2014Top U.S. states based on number of farms 2014
Leading 10 U.S. states based on number of farms in 2014*
- Acreage of genetically modified crops 2004-2015, by country+Acreage of genetically modified crops 2004-2015, by country
Acreage of genetically modified crops worldwide from 2004 to 2015, by leading country (in million hectares)
- Gross domestic product (GDP) of Australia 2020*Gross domestic product (GDP) of Australia 2020*
- U.S. unemployment rate: March 2017, seasonally adjustedU.S. unemployment rate: March 2017, seasonally adjusted
- Grain production worldwide 2016/17, by typeGrain production worldwide 2016/17, by type
- Distribution of gross domestic product (GDP) across economic sectors in China 2016Distribution of gross domestic product (GDP) across economic sectors in China 2016
- Top U.S. states with highest wheat production 2014-2016Top U.S. states with highest wheat production 2014-2016