Bordering Tanzania, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi is a small, landlocked country in eastern Africa. The capital, Bujumbura, is also the largest city, home to half a million inhabitants. Only about one in eight citizens live in urban areas, with the majority of its population located in rural areas. Due in large part to ongoing tension between Tutsis and Hutus, the country has been slow to develop.
In spite of its lack of major cities, Burundi has a surprisingly high population density. Life expectancy is also higher than expected, though it is not growing as quickly as in other countries in the region. Infant mortality, on the other hand, has declined rather rapidly in the past decade, indicating that medical infrastructure in Burundi is improving. Physical infrastructure is also improving, and telecoms are gaining a foothold in the country. In 2017, there were roughly 55 mobile cellular subscriptions per hundred Burundians. Positive changes are beginning to take hold, but the country still has a long time until the standard of living matches that of the developed world.
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