The 20 countries with the lowest gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in 2019

In 2019, South Sudan once again reported the lowest per-capita GDP ever, closely-followed by Burundi and Malawi. All three countries struggle economically, because of poorly developed infrastructure and a low standard of living.

GDP per capita as an indicator

A country’s gross domestic product, often referred to as GDP for short, is a means to measure the market value of goods and services a country has produced over a certain period of time. It is an important key indicator for a country’s economic status and development. GDP per capita is the breakdown of GDP to the country’s total population, showing how much each of the inhabitants have theoretically obtained. GDP per capita is a popular measure of the standard of living, prosperity, and overall well-being in a country. A high GDP per capita indicates a high standard of living, a low one indicates that a country is struggling to supply its inhabitants with everything they need.

GDP per capita in South Sudan

South Sudan’s 13 million inhabitants have been struggling with severe poverty, high death rates, civil wars, and violence for years now, and their standard of living is respectively low. Today, the country relies heavily on agriculture with the majority living in rural areas, but violence, the lack of food, and inefficient water supply often cause famine and illnesses. Since South Sudan thus cannot produce and export goods efficiently and sufficiently, GDP per capita does not even reach four-figure levels, despite a quite low number of inhabitants. NGOs and government agencies are trying to improve their situation by offering funding and education, but significant improvement has yet to be seen.

The 20 countries with the lowest gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in 2019

GDP per capita in U.S. dollars
South Sudan 275.18
Burundi 309.87
Eritrea 342.6
Malawi 370.75
Niger 405.1
Central African Republic 447.99
Madagascar 463.87
Mozambique 484.41
Democratic Republic of the Congo 500.55
Afghanistan 513.11
Sierra Leone 546.65
Togo 671.4
Liberia 703.83
Sudan 714.3
Burkina Faso 717.96
The Gambia 755.05
Uganda 770.06
Haiti 784.08
Guinea-Bissau 786.29
Rwanda 824.93
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Source

Release date

October 2019

Region

Worldwide

Survey time period

2019

Supplementary notes

According to the source, all figures are estimates.

Figures have been rounded.

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