The gross output per hectare of cultivated land reached approximately 90.1 million Vietnamese dong while the gross output per hectare of aquaculture water surface reached about 226.3 million Vietnamese dong. Vietnam's main agricultural crops are rice, cassava, maize and sweet potatoes. The rice consumption in Vietnam reached 21.5 million metric tons, ranking it on fifth place after China, India, Indonesia and Bangladesh. The country's main industrial plants are coffee, coconut, rubber, tea, pepper and cashew nut as well as sugar cane, peanuts, soy, tobacco and sesame. In terms of livestock production volume in Vietnam, values are highest for pork and poultry followed by cattle and buffaloes. Main aquaculture products include fish and shrimp.
Vietnam was among the leading countries with the largest share of organic agricultural area, amounting to about 58 thousand hectares. The country had around ten thousand producers of organic agricultural land. This is especially relevant as surveyed consumers in Vietnam purchase organic food often.
Vietnam faced some climatic challenges in the past such as a severe drought in 2016. The country's temperature increased by 0.9 degrees Celsius in the meteorological year of 2019. The risk index for natural disasters in Vietnam was estimated to be highest for flooding and lowest for earthquakes. However, support from international organizations has been providing financial and educational assistance to improve food security and food safety in the country.