The gross output per hectare of cultivated land reached approximately 90.1 million Vietnamese dong while the gross output per hectare of aquaculture water surface reached about 226.3 million Vietnamese dong. Vietnam's main agricultural crops are rice, cassava, maize and sweet potatoes. In 2018/19, the rice consumption in Vietnam reached 22 million metric tons, ranking it on fifth place after China, India, Indonesia and Bangladesh. The country's main industrial plants are coffee, coconut, rubber, tea, pepper and cashew nut as well as sugar cane, peanuts, soy, tobacco and sesame. In terms of livestock, production values are highest for pork and poultry followed by cattle and buffaloes. Main aquaculture products include fish and shrimp.
Vietnam was among the leading countries with the largest share of organic agricultural area, amounting to about 58 thousand hectares in 2017. In that year, the country had around ten thousand producers of organic agricultural land. This is especially relevant as surveyed consumers in Vietnam stated that they purchased organic food often.
Vietnam faced some climatic challenges in the past such as a severe drought in 2016. The country's temperature increased by 0.8 degrees Celsius in the meteorological year of 2018. The risk index for natural disasters in Vietnam was estimated to be highest for flooding and lowest for earthquakes according to figures for 2019. However, support from international organizations has been providing financial and educational assistance to improve food security and food safety in the country.