Agriculture in Vietnam - Statistics & Facts

The agriculture sector makes up one third of Vietnam’s continuously developing economy. In 2017, agriculture, forestry and fishing accounted for 15.34 percent of the country’s GDP. Within the Asia Pacific region, Vietnam's growth of the agriculture sector was comparable to, for instance, Bhutan, India, and Bangladesh. The agricultural land area made up 39.28 percent of Vietnam's total land area in 2016. As of 2015, the area of land under temporary agricultural crops reached approximately seven million hectares. In 2018, the agriculture sector accounted for 39.8 percent of employment in Vietnam which amounted to approximately 20.47 million employed people in that year.

The gross output per hectare of cultivated land reached approximately 90.1 million Vietnamese dong while the gross output per hectare of aquaculture water surface reached about 226.3 million Vietnamese dong. Vietnam's main agricultural crops are rice, cassava, maize and sweet potatoes. In 2018/19, the rice consumption in Vietnam reached 22 million metric tons, ranking it on fifth place after China, India, Indonesia and Bangladesh. The country's main industrial plants are coffee, coconut, rubber, tea, pepper and cashew nut as well as sugar cane, peanuts, soy, tobacco and sesame. In terms of livestock, production values are highest for pork and poultry followed by cattle and buffaloes. Main aquaculture products include fish and shrimp.

Vietnam was among the leading countries with the largest share of organic agricultural area, amounting to about 58 thousand hectares in 2017. In that year, the country had around ten thousand producers of organic agricultural land. This is especially relevant as surveyed consumers in Vietnam stated that they purchased organic food often.

Vietnam faced some climatic challenges in the past such as a severe drought in 2016. The country's temperature increased by 0.8 degrees Celsius in the meteorological year of 2018. The risk index for natural disasters in Vietnam was estimated to be highest for flooding and lowest for earthquakes according to figures for 2019. However, support from international organizations has been providing financial and educational assistance to improve food security and food safety in the country.

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Agriculture in Vietnam

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