Agriculture industry in the Philippines

Agriculture in the Philippines is one, if not the essential industry in the country. Agriculture in the Philippines consists of forestry, crop production, livestock farming, and aquaculture cultivation. The production of the basic commodities sustains the local demand. Commercial crops assist both the agricultural export industry as well as the domestic demand and consumption. In 2018, about 13.5 million hectares of land was used for agricultural crop cultivation, which was an increase compared to the previous year. However, this does not indicate the country’s potential to sustain local demand. Importation, in this case, still helps bridge the gap.

Livestock farming is steadily growing in the country since 2011. Within 2017, about 12.4 million hogs were available for consumption. This growth was brought by the increasing per capita pork consumption, where it lies at 15.6 kilograms per person annually. Across the Asia-Pacific region, the Philippines ranked fourth place in terms of the volume of pig production. The pig production is one of the main drivers of the meat industry together with chicken poultry. In addition to livestock farming, aquaculture is another thriving industry in this sector. Its output was valued at 100.7 billion Philippine pesos in 2017. The livelihood out of fish farming fits the majority of the population since the Philippines is surrounded by water.

The total land area of the Philippines is approximately 30 million hectares, where around 14.2 million hectares are classified as alienable and disposable, and about 10.1 million hectares as timberland. The deforestation to support the logging industry revealed that approximately 9.2 thousand hectares of the areas covering primary forest were lost in 2018. Further, on areas where tree cover threshold is 75 percent or 13.4 million hectares, the average loss per year of trees in that threshold was around 63.7 thousand hectares between 2011 to 2018.

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Agriculture in the Philippines

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Important key figures

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Import volume of corn in 2018, by type

Land status in the Philippines in 2018, by type

Production value of aquaculture in 2018

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