Key agricultural subsectorsDue to its terrain and tropical climate condition, farming and fisheries have been the largest agricultural sub-sectors in the Philippines. Crop production, particularly of sugarcane, palay or rice, coconut, and bananas were among the highest nationwide and were also among the top export products. In recent years, fruits and nuts, along with animal or vegetable fats and oils contributed the largest share of the total agricultural exports of the country. In terms of livestock, hog, cattle, and goat were the country’s major products while chicken and duck were the leading poultry products.
On the other hand, the fisheries sector, which is composed of three subsectors: commercial, municipal, and aquaculture, reflected slow growth in recent years. The export value of principal fishery products from the country had also been declining since 2019 as the volume of production fluctuated. Among the main contributing factors were climate change and the practice of uncontrolled and unsustainable overfishing.