Wheat in the U.S. - Statistics & Facts

Wheat is one of the oldest types of cereal grass in the world and is produced in almost every single American state. The many varieties of this cereal grain are used to make numerous types of food, such as bread, pasta, cake, and flour. The United States produced over 50 million metric tons of wheat during 2019/2020, putting the country in fifth place in terms of global wheat production for that period. Within the same period, the United States was the third-largest principal exporter of wheat, flour and wheat products, after Russia and the European Union.

In the United States, about 45 million acres of wheat were planted, and about 37 million acres were harvested in 2019. Compared to the past two decades, total U.S. wheat area plantation and harvest were both at their lowest that year. Production was, however, not at its lowest: close to two billion bushels’ worth of wheat were produced in the United States in 2019. A bushel is a unit of volume equal to eight dry gallons and was mainly used for agricultural purposes.

In 2019, the leading wheat-producing U.S. state was Kansas, which cultivated an estimated 340 million bushels of wheat. In 2018, North Dakota was the state to take the top spot: the midwestern state had a wheat production value of about 1.9 billion U.S. dollars that year.

A great deal of the wheat produced in the United States is exported to other countries around the globe: during 2018/2019, the country exported over 27 million metric tons’ worth of wheat. The United States’ top importers in 2018 were Mexico, Japan, and the Philippines, respectively.

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Wheat in the U.S.

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Leading U.S. states



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