Wheat in the U.S. - statistics & facts

Wheat is one of the oldest types of cereal grass in the world and is produced in almost every single American state. The many varieties of this cereal grain are used to make numerous types of food, such as bread, pasta, cake, and flour. The United States produced over 49.7 million metric tons of wheat during 2020/2021, putting the country in fifth place in terms of global wheat production for that period. Within the same period, the United States was the third-largest principal exporter of wheat, flour and wheat products, after Russia and the European Union.

U.S. wheat industry

In the United States, about 44.35 million acres of wheat were planted, and about 36.75 million acres were harvested in 2020. Compared to the past two decades, total U.S. wheat area plantation and harvest were both at their lowest that year. Production was, however, not at its lowest: close to 1.83 billion bushels’ worth of wheat were produced in the United States in 2020. A bushel is a unit of volume equal to eight dry gallons and was mainly used for agricultural purposes.

Leading producers

In 2020, the leading wheat-producing U.S. state was North Dakota, which cultivated an estimated 312.7 million bushels of wheat. In 2019, North Dakota had a wheat production value of about 1.42 billion U.S. dollars.

U.S. wheat trade

A great deal of the wheat produced in the United States is exported to other countries around the globe: during 2018/2019, the country exported over 27 million metric tons’ worth of wheat. The United States’ top wheat importers in 2019 were Mexico, the Philippines, and Japan, in that order.

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Wheat in the U.S.

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Leading U.S. states

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