The United States was the fifth-largest global wheat producer during the 2016/2017 marketing year, after the European Union, China, India and Russia. The country’s wheat production grew significantly over the past decade. In 2015, the nation produced more than 17 billion U.S. dollars’ worth of wheat—thrice the production value from ten years before. Since 2000, U.S. agriculturists and farmers have harvested over two billion bushels of wheat annually. Russia is expected to surpass the U.S. in terms of wheat production in 2016/2017.
During the past two years, North Dakota and Kansas were the key wheat-producing U.S. federal states. Kansas yielded over 467 million bushels of wheat in 2016, overtaking North Dakota with about 333 million bushels. In 2014, Kansas’ wheat harvest was valued at roughly 1.5 billion U.S. dollars.
The United States was the second-leading exporting country of wheat, flour and wheat products during the 2016/2017 period. In 2013, China, Japan, Nigeria and Mexico were the nation’s main wheat export partners. Around 4.28 million metric tons of U.S. wheat were exported to China that year. On the other hand, Canada was the primary destination for U.S. wheat flour exports, with a volume of 145,000 metric tons.