Renewable energy in Germany - Statistics & Facts

Since 1990, the generation of electricity from renewable energy has seen significant growth in Germany, especially in recent years where electricity generation increased from 188.6 terawatt hours in 2015 to 228.7 terawatt hours in 2018. Of the renewable energy sources in Germany, onshore wind power made the biggest contribution to the energy mix, making up 16 percent of the total electricity generated in 2017.

The increase in renewable energy in Germany is reflected in the share of infrastructure deals. The country has attracted many renewable energy deals in the past decade, with 14 percent of all renewable energy infrastructure deals in Europe between 2008 and 2017 occurring in Germany. This share was equal to France and behind only the United Kingdom.

Whilst wind power is the most prominent source of renewable energy in Germany, it has only been in recent years that offshore wind power has contributed to the energy mix. In 2013, the electricity generated through offshore wind power amounted to 0.9 billion kilowatt hours. Within just four years this had increased to 17.7 billion kilowatts. As the main renewable energy source in Germany, it is little surprise that as of 2017, there were approximately 143,000 employees in the wind energy sector.

In the past five years the volume of electricity produced by solar photovoltaics has increased gradually. It is projected that by 2020 Germany will be Europe's largest solar market, with a share of 19 percent.

When compared to other renewable energy sources, hydropower is a relatively minor contributor towards electricity generation in Germany. Since 2000, electricity generation from hydropower has declined from 24.9 billion kilowatts to 20.2 billion kilowatts in 2017.

Bioenergy plays an important role in Germany's energy mix, and as of 2017 the country had the fifth largest bioenergy capacity in the world. Electricity generation from biomass has increased significantly since the start of the century, rising from just 1.6 billion kilowatt hours to 45 billion kilowatt hours in 2017.

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Renewable energy in Germany

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Wind power

Solar power



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