Renewable energy in Germany - Statistics & Facts

Since 1990, the importance of renewable sources for energy consumption in Germany has increased significantly. Preliminary findings see gross electricity generation from renewables at a peak of 244.1 terawatt hours in 2019. Germany’s growing share of green energy will be paramount in the European Union’s efforts to reach carbon neutrality by 2050, especially as the EU’s largest consumer market struggles to retire its coal plants.
Of renewable energy sources, wind power made the largest contribution to the energy mix, accounting for 17.3 percent of total electricity generated in 2018.

Whilst combined wind power is the leading source of renewable energy in Germany, it has only been in recent years that offshore wind power started contributing to the energy mix. In 2013, electricity produced through offshore wind power amounted to 0.9 billion kilowatt hours. Within just five years this had increased to 19.3 billion kilowatts. As the main renewable energy source in Germany, it is little surprising that as of 2018, there were some 160,200 employees in the wind energy sector.

Following wind power, solar photovoltaics are the second largest renewable energy source and the most ubiquitous across the country. As of 2018, Germany remains Europe's largest solar market, despite projections seeing its share decrease in the coming years. Germany also has the fifth largest bioenergy capacity in the world, and, again, the largest in Europe. Cumulative installed capacity of biomass plants reached 8,410 megawatts in 2018.

When compared to other renewable energy sources, hydropower is a relatively minor contributor to the energy mix in Germany. Since 2000, electricity generation from hydropower has declined from 24.9 billion kilowatts to a low of 16.6 billion kilowatts in 2018.

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Renewable energy in Germany

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Important key figures

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Wind power

Solar power

Hydropower & Biomass


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