World fish production is divided into fishing (capture) and aquaculture. In 2021, approximately 92.6 million metric tons of fish were captured, while 85.5 million metric tons were bred, raised, and farmed through the controlled aquaculture process. Since it started in the 1960s, the farmed salmon industry has grown substantially in the past decades, and today approximately 70% of salmon produced worldwide is farmed. In 2021, more than 2.8 million tons of farmed salmonids were produced. In comparison, only around 705,000 tons of wild salmonids were caught.
The worldwide sales value of Atlantic salmon more than tripled its value between the years of 2009 and 2021. From 2016 on, the market price of salmon decreased every year, starting at around 6.72 euros per kilogram and ending at five euros per kilogram in 2020, before jumping back up again in 2021. In the past decade, the highest value of the salmon price index was 9.10 U.S. dollars per kilogram in 2016, and the as of 2022 the price was about 7.89 U.S. dollars per kilogram.
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