What are the major financial institutions in South Korea?The financial sector accounts for an increasingly large share of the South Korean economy. It consists of more than 3,000 institutions, such as banks, non-bank deposit-taking institutions, insurance companies, securities firms, and financial auxiliaries. More specifically, the banking sector comprises of 12 national and regional banks, three digital banks, five government-affiliated specialized banks, and 35 foreign bank branches. KB Kookmin Bank, Shinhan Bank, Hana Bank, and Woori Bank are among the largest commercial banks in South Korea.
Apart from the banking sector, South Korea is also home to a large insurance market with one of the highest insurance penetration rates in the world. In 2021, there were about 23 life insurers and 30 non-life insurers operating in the country, with Samsung accounting for the largest share in both the life and non-life insurance markets. While the COVID-19 pandemic has placed an unprecedented strain on the healthcare system, it has, in turn, had an unexpectedly positive impact on the insurance industry, particularly on saving insurance, variable life insurance, and automobile insurance.