Insurance: Minimum Capital Requirement (MCR) ratio in Europe 2018, by country

According to the European Insurance and occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) “Insurance undertakings are required by the Solvency II regulation to hold a certain amount of capital of sufficient quality in addition to the assets they hold to cover the contractual obligations towards policyholders. The amount of capital (called eligible own funds) required is defined by the Minimum Capital Requirement (MCR) and the Solvency Capital Requirement (SCR), which depend on the risks to which the undertaking is exposed."

SCR Ratio and MCR Ratio

As of the end of 2018, the total European insurance industry had a Minimum Capital Requirement (SCR) ratio of 648 percent. In addition to the MCR ratio, insurers must also calculate Solvency capital requirement (SCR). The SRC is a ratio that ensures insurers have enough capital of quality to cover their financial obligations over a 12-month period and avert becoming solvent. In Europe, it was the German insurance market that had the highest SCR ratio at the end of 2018.

Profitability of insurers

The combined ratio, which is the sum of claims and expenses incurred divided by premiums earned, is a measure of profitability used by insurance companies to see how efficiently they are running their business. The combined ratio can be displayed as a measure of 1 or as a percentage of 100. Insurance markets with a ratio of over 1 means that companies are paying out more in claims than they are receiving through premiums earned. The expense ratio is another measure of profitability and is calculated as the sum of expenses divided by premiums earned.

Weighted average Minimum Capital Requirement (MCR) ratio of insurance markets in Europe in 2018, by country

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Source

Release date

September 2019

Region

Europe

Supplementary notes

The source added the following information "Insurance undertakings are required by the Solvency II regulation to hold a certain amount of capital of sufficient quality in addition to the assets they hold to cover the contractual obligations towards policyholders. The amount of capital (called eligible own funds) required is defined by the Minimum Capital Requirement (MCR) and the Solvency Capital Requirement (SCR), which depend on the risks to which the undertaking is exposed. If the amount of eligible own funds falls below the MCR, the insurance license should be withdrawn if appropriate coverage cannot be re-established within a short period of time."

The weighted average represents the aggregate own funds (sum of all undertakings) divided by aggregate SCR.

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Statistics on "KPI's of Europe's largest insurers"

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