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Insurance: Minimum Capital Requirement (MCR) ratio in Europe by country 2019

As of the end of 2019, the total European insurance industry had a Minimum Capital Requirement (MCR) ratio of 648 percent. The country with the highest MCR was Sweden with 934 percent, while Latvia recorded the lowest with 371 percent.

What is an MCR Ratio?

According to the European Insurance and occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) “Insurance undertakings are required by the Solvency II regulation to hold a certain amount of capital of sufficient quality in addition to the assets they hold to cover the contractual obligations towards policyholders. The amount of capital (called eligible own funds) required is defined by the Minimum Capital Requirement (MCR) and the Solvency Capital Requirement (SCR), which depend on the risks to which the undertaking is exposed."

SCR Ratio and MCR Ratio

In addition to the MCR ratio, insurers must also calculate Solvency capital requirement (SCR). The SRC is a ratio that ensures insurers have enough capital of quality to cover their financial obligations over a 12-month period and avert becoming solvent. In Europe, it was the German insurance market that had the highest SCR ratio at the end of 2019.

Profitability of insurers

The combined ratio, which is the sum of claims and expenses incurred divided by premiums earned, is a measure of profitability used by insurance companies to see how efficiently they are running their business. The combined ratio can be displayed as a measure of 1 or as a percentage of 100. Insurance markets with a ratio of over 1 means that companies are paying out more in claims than they are receiving through premiums earned. The expense ratio is another measure of profitability and is calculated as the sum of expenses divided by premiums earned.

Weighted average Minimum Capital Requirement (MCR) ratio of insurance markets in Europe in 2019, by country

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Source

Release date

September 2020

Region

Europe

Survey time period

2019

Supplementary notes

The source added the following information "Insurance undertakings are required by the Solvency II regulation to hold a certain amount of capital of sufficient quality in addition to the assets they hold to cover the contractual obligations towards policyholders. The amount of capital (called eligible own funds) required is defined by the Minimum Capital Requirement (MCR) and the Solvency Capital Requirement (SCR), which depend on the risks to which the undertaking is exposed. If the amount of eligible own funds falls below the MCR, the insurance license should be withdrawn if appropriate coverage cannot be re-established within a short period of time."

The weighted average represents the aggregate own funds (sum of all undertakings) divided by aggregate SCR.

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Statistics on "KPI's of Europe's largest insurers"

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