In 2021, three typhoons landed in Japan, reaching a decade-low. Figures peaked in 2016, with six typhoons. Usually typhoons hit Japan between July and October, during the peak of the typhoon season.
Natural disasters in Japan
Natural disasters occur frequently in Japan. Since the archipelago is situated along the Ring of Fire, an area where several tectonic plates meet, the country is vulnerable to natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions.
The highest cost of damage caused by natural disasters was recorded in 2011, when the Great East Japan Earthquake, also known as Tohoku Earthquake, occurred. It was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded in Japan. Both the earthquake and the following tsunami destroyed many Japanese cities and led to the death of over 15 thousand people. Furthermore, it caused a meltdown at three reactors in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Fukushima Prefecture.
A typhoon is defined as having landed in Japan when the center of the typhoon reaches the coastlines of Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, or Kyushu. Typhoons that cross a small island and go out to the sea again were not included.
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