U.S. petroleum imports - by country 1985-2018

Canada is the leading importer of petroleum to the United States. In 2018, the United States imported about 4.28 million barrels of petroleum per day from Canada.

Crude Oil Reserves

In 2017, there was estimated to be around 1.7 trillion barrels of oil in reserve worldwide. This is the amount of oil that can be extracted in the future under the current economic and operating conditions. Most of the proved oil reserves in the world are in the Middle East. South and Central America also contain large volumes of oil reserves.

Gasoline Consumption Worldwide

Global oil production reached 4.39 billion metric tons in 2017, up from 3.95 billion metric tons in 2007. Over the last several years, consumption of oil has also seen a slight increase worldwide. In 2017, about 20 percent of the world’s oil was consumed by the United States, a larger share than any other country. China came in second place with a 13 percent share of global oil consumption.

U.S. petroleum imports from 1985 to 2018, by main source country

VenezuelaNigeriaSaudi Arabia*MexicoCanada
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Release date

March 2019


United States

Survey time period

1985 to 2018

Supplementary notes

* Imports from the Neutral Zone are reported as originating in either Saudi Arabia or Kuwait depending on the country reported to U.S. customs.

The country of origin for petroleum products may not be the country of origin for the crude oil from which the products were produced. For example, refined products imported from West European refining areas may have been produced from Middle East crude oil.
Includes imports for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, which began in October 1977.
Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
U.S. geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

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