U.S government debt holders distribution 2018

The statistic presents the distribution of United States government debt holders as of December 2018. At the end of 2018, depository institutions owned 3.1 percent of the total U.S. treasure securities. Depository institutions includes U.S. chartered depository institutions, foreign banking offices in the United States, banks in U.S. affiliated areas, credit unions, and bank holding companies.

The total debt accrued by the U.S. annually can be accessed here.

Holders of the U.S. government debt as of December 2018

Share of debt holders
Federal Reserve and Government accounts36.84%
Foreign and international28.5%
Other investors12.72%
Mutual funds9.37%
Private pension funds3.51%
State and local governments3.13%
Depository institutions3.1%
State and local government pension funds1.29%
Insurance companies1.04%
U.S. savings bonds0.71%
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Release date

June 2019


United States

Survey time period

December 31st, 2018

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Statistics on "U.S. public debt"

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