Paper and paperboard market
China and the United States are some of the top consumers globally of paper and cardboard products. In 2016, China consumed over 106 million metric tons of paper and cardboard while the U.S. consumed almost 71 million metric tons of these products. However, the United States consumes much larger volumes of these products per person at 229 kilograms per capita while China used about 74 kilograms per capita. In the United States, paper use has decreased. Consumption has dropped from 689 pounds per capita in 2003 to 525 pounds per capita in 2012. China is currently the largest producer of paper and related products in the world, generating nearly 108 million metric tons in 2014.
The pulp and paper industry is generally dominated by Western countries and some East Asian countries. There has been a tremendous controversy over the industry’s environmental impact globally, revolving around the use of clear cutting and the deforestation of old-growth forests. Due to environmental backlash, companies have begun to relocate to regions with lower wages and lower environmental regulations. The U.S. forest, paper and packaging industry generated 99 billion U.S. dollars in revenue in 2014.