Over 84 million Americans were estimated to be enrolled in the Medicaid program as of 2021. That is a significant increase from around 50 million ten years earlier. Medicaid is basically a joint federal and state health program which provides medical coverage to low-income individuals and families. Currently, Medicaid is responsible for 19 percent of the nation’s health care bill, making it the third largest payer behind private insurances and Medicare.
From the beginning to Obamacare
Medicaid was implemented in 1965 and since then has become the largest source of medical services for Americans with low income and limited resources. The program has become particularly prominent since the introduction of President Obama’s health reform – the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - in 2010. Medicaid was largely impacted by this reform, for states now had the opportunity to expand Medicaid eligibility to larger parts of the uninsured population. Thus, the percentage of uninsured in the United States decreased from over 16 percent in 2010 to 9.2 percent in 2021.
Enrollment in millions of person-year equivalents. Enrollment data for the period 1966 to 1976 have been revised to be consistent with the current definition of the Federal Fiscal Year (October-September).
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CMS. (December 15, 2022). Total Medicaid enrollment from 1966 to 2021 (in millions) [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved December 01, 2023, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/245347/total-medicaid-enrollment-since-1966/
CMS. "Total Medicaid enrollment from 1966 to 2021 (in millions)." Chart. December 15, 2022. Statista. Accessed December 01, 2023. https://www.statista.com/statistics/245347/total-medicaid-enrollment-since-1966/
CMS. (2022). Total Medicaid enrollment from 1966 to 2021 (in millions). Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: December 01, 2023. https://www.statista.com/statistics/245347/total-medicaid-enrollment-since-1966/
CMS. "Total Medicaid Enrollment from 1966 to 2021 (in Millions)." Statista, Statista Inc., 15 Dec 2022, https://www.statista.com/statistics/245347/total-medicaid-enrollment-since-1966/
CMS, Total Medicaid enrollment from 1966 to 2021 (in millions) Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/245347/total-medicaid-enrollment-since-1966/ (last visited December 01, 2023)
Total Medicaid enrollment from 1966 to 2021 (in millions) [Graph], CMS, December 15, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://www.statista.com/statistics/245347/total-medicaid-enrollment-since-1966/