India - change in primary energy consumption 1999-2019

This statistic represents the changes in India's primary energy consumption between 1999 and 2019. In 2019, primary energy consumption in this country increased by around 2.3 percent, compared with 2018.

India's primary energy consumption

Between 1990 and 2011, the India’s energy consumption more than doubled. In 2018, the country was one of the highest consumers of energy in the world at 809 million metric tons of oil equivalent. Similar to other countries, a growth in India’s GDP - often seen as an indicator for a country’s growing prosperity - is likely to be associated with an increase in energy consumption. Despite a large increase in energy consumption, India’s per capita energy consumption remains quite low, compared to countries such as Australia, which had a per capita consumption rate of 257.33 million British thermal units in 2011, while India’s totaled 19.86 million British thermal units per capita. India’s primary sources of energy are derived from coal and oil. The two energy sources account for 424 million metric tons of oil equivalent and 222 million metric tons of oil equivalent, respectively.

As the country relies heavily on energy imports, India has become one of the largest importers of fuels such as liquefied natural gas in recent years. That said, there are approximately 100.6 billion metric tons of proved anthracite and bituminous coal reserves in India, making it one of the largest coal reserves in the world.

Change in India's primary energy consumption from 1999 to 2019

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Release date

June 2020



Survey time period

1999 to 2019

Supplementary notes

In this statistic, primary energy only includes the commercially traded fuels. Oil was measured in million metric tons, all other energy sources in million metric tons of oil equivalent.
The figures before 2019 were taken from a previous edition of the publication.

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Statistics on "Energy sector in India"

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