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Energy consumption in the U.S. - statistics & facts

Energy demand is an indicator of a region’s or country’s socio-economic performance and the wealth of its citizens. As emerging countries continue to grow rapidly, the world’s total energy demand continues to rise. However, developed countries such as the United States and some European countries have seen a stabilization or even decrease of consumption due in part to better efficiency standards.

Fossil fuels continue being most consumed primary energy sources

Primary energy consumption worldwide is largely covered by fossil fuels, namely oil, natural gas, and coal. These fuels, however, are finite resources, and burning them emits large amounts of pollutants that contribute to climate change. The United States is the second largest primary energy consumer in the world, devouring some 88 exajoules in 2020 – a year that saw a significant decrease in consumption due to the coronavirus pandemic. Apart from times of economic crisis, primary energy consumption in the United States has remained mostly unchained since the 1990s, which is in part a result of a leveling of primary energy consumption by energy-intensive sectors like electric power and transportation.

Wind consumption seeing greater growth rates again

Renewables still account for a small share, although combined consumption of solar thermal and PV energy has exceeded one quadrillion British thermal since 2019. Meanwhile, consumption of wind energy recorded a notable increase in 2020, despite a decline in total energy use. With the government encouraging the expansion of the offshore wind sector, wind energy consumption is expected to see even greater growth in the future.
By 2050 renewable energy consumption in the U.S. is forecast to reach over 21 quadrillion British thermal units, nearly double the amount covered by wind, solar, and biomass sources today.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 26 most important statistics relating to "Energy consumption in the U.S.".


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