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Energy consumption in the U.S. - Statistics & facts

Energy demand is an indicator of a region’s or country’s socio-economic performance and the wealth of its citizens. As emerging countries continue to grow rapidly, the world’s total energy demand continues to rise. However, developed countries such as the United States and some European countries have seen a stabilization or even decrease of consumption due in part to better efficiency standards.

Demand for energy is largely covered by fossil fuels, namely petroleum, coal, and natural gas. Those fuels, however, are finite resources, and burning them emits large amounts of pollutants that contribute to climate change. The United States is the second largest primary energy consumer in the world, gobbling up nearly 117 exajoules every year. U.S. primary energy consumption has remained mostly unchained since the 1990s, which is in part a result of a leveling of energy demand by energy intensive sectors like electric power and transportation. In 2019, U.S. electricity end use, not counting conversion losses, fell below four petawatt hours, a decrease compared to the peak recorded the year prior.

Renewables still account for a small share of total primary energy consumption, although combined solar thermal and photovoltaic demand exceeded one quadrillion British thermal units in 2019. Meanwhile, natural gas used for electricity generation and thermal output climbed to 12.8 trillion cubic feet that same year, having notably increased since 2000.

Nevertheless, until 2050 renewables consumption in the U.S. is forecast to reach over 20 quadrillion British thermal units, nearly double the amount covered by wind, solar, and biomass sources in 2019.

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Energy consumption in the U.S.

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Energy consumption in the U.S. - Statistics & facts

Energy demand is an indicator of a region’s or country’s socio-economic performance and the wealth of its citizens. As emerging countries continue to grow rapidly, the world’s total energy demand continues to rise. However, developed countries such as the United States and some European countries have seen a stabilization or even decrease of consumption due in part to better efficiency standards.

Demand for energy is largely covered by fossil fuels, namely petroleum, coal, and natural gas. Those fuels, however, are finite resources, and burning them emits large amounts of pollutants that contribute to climate change. The United States is the second largest primary energy consumer in the world, gobbling up nearly 117 exajoules every year. U.S. primary energy consumption has remained mostly unchained since the 1990s, which is in part a result of a leveling of energy demand by energy intensive sectors like electric power and transportation. In 2019, U.S. electricity end use, not counting conversion losses, fell below four petawatt hours, a decrease compared to the peak recorded the year prior.

Renewables still account for a small share of total primary energy consumption, although combined solar thermal and photovoltaic demand exceeded one quadrillion British thermal units in 2019. Meanwhile, natural gas used for electricity generation and thermal output climbed to 12.8 trillion cubic feet that same year, having notably increased since 2000.

Nevertheless, until 2050 renewables consumption in the U.S. is forecast to reach over 20 quadrillion British thermal units, nearly double the amount covered by wind, solar, and biomass sources in 2019.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the {amountStatistics} most important statistics relating to "Energy consumption in the U.S.".

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