London fixing gold price
In January 2019, the average price for an ounce of fine gold was 1,291.63 U.S. dollars. Although the monthly price for fine gold fluctuates, the average annual price of fine gold is increasing. In 2001, the price for one ounce of gold was 271 U.S. dollars, and by 2012 the price had risen to some 1,670 U.S. dollars. By 2017, the annual average gold price was 1,258.83 U.S. dollars per ounce. In 2017, gold demand reached 4,072 metric tons worldwide.
Fine gold is considered to be almost pure gold where the value of the metal depends on the percentage of fineness. Twenty-four carat gold is considered fine gold (from 99.9 percent gold by mass and higher). London Gold Fix acts as a benchmark for the price of gold. The price of gold is set by the members of the London Gold Market Fixing Ltd undertaken by Barclays and its other members. The price is determined twice per business day at 10:30 am and 3:00 pm based on the London bullion market in order to settle contracts within the bullion market. The price is based on the equilibrium point between supply and demand agreed upon by participating banks. Gold prices must remain flexible and gold fixing provides an instantaneous price at specified times.