Gold reserves of largest gold holding countries worldwide as of November 2017 (in metric tons)

Value of gold reserves 2017, by country This statistic presents the gold reserves of largest gold holding countries worldwide as of November 2017. In that time, the central bank of the United States held approximately 8133.5 metric tons of gold.
Gold reserves - additional information

As of November 2017, the United States had the largest gold reserve – more than 8,000 metric tons of gold. This was more than twice the gold reserves of Germany and more than three times the gold reserves of Italy and France. China was ranked sixth for the amount of gold it has on reserve, but more gold is being mined in China than any other country in the world. While the share of gold reserves constituted 75.3 percent of the U.S. central bank holdings in 2016, in China this figure amounted to only 2.3 percent.

Australia on the other hand, is home to the largest gold mine reserves in addition to being the second largest producer of gold. While gold no longer serves as an object of exchange and as a confirmation value, gold remains an investment asset for governments and it could provide a safeguard against inflation or recession. Yet it would not be the best time to do so, as the average price of gold has dropped slightly in the last few years from its peak in 2012.
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Gold reserves in metric tons
United States8,133.5
Germany3,373.6
IMF2,814
Italy2,451.8
France2,435.9
China1,842.6
Russia1,828.6
Switzerland1,040
Japan765.2
Netherlands612.5
India557.8
Turkey*525.8
ECB504.8
Taiwan423.6
Portugal382.5
Saudi Arabia322.9
United Kingdom310.3
Kazakhstan295.7
Lebanon286.8
Spain281.6
Gold reserves in metric tons
United States8,133.5
Germany3,373.6
IMF2,814
Italy2,451.8
France2,435.9
China1,842.6
Russia1,828.6
Switzerland1,040
Japan765.2
Netherlands612.5
India557.8
Turkey*525.8
ECB504.8
Taiwan423.6
Portugal382.5
Saudi Arabia322.9
United Kingdom310.3
Kazakhstan295.7
Lebanon286.8
Spain281.6
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Description Source More information
This statistic presents the gold reserves of largest gold holding countries worldwide as of November 2017. In that time, the central bank of the United States held approximately 8133.5 metric tons of gold.
Gold reserves - additional information

As of November 2017, the United States had the largest gold reserve – more than 8,000 metric tons of gold. This was more than twice the gold reserves of Germany and more than three times the gold reserves of Italy and France. China was ranked sixth for the amount of gold it has on reserve, but more gold is being mined in China than any other country in the world. While the share of gold reserves constituted 75.3 percent of the U.S. central bank holdings in 2016, in China this figure amounted to only 2.3 percent.

Australia on the other hand, is home to the largest gold mine reserves in addition to being the second largest producer of gold. While gold no longer serves as an object of exchange and as a confirmation value, gold remains an investment asset for governments and it could provide a safeguard against inflation or recession. Yet it would not be the best time to do so, as the average price of gold has dropped slightly in the last few years from its peak in 2012.
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Release date
January 2018
Region
Worldwide
Survey time period
November 2017
Supplementary notes
The source adds the following information: "Data are taken from the International Monetary Fund's International Financial Statistics (IFS), January 2018 edition, and other sources where applicable. IFS data are two months in arrears, so holdings are as of November 2017 for most countries, October 2017 or earlier for late reporters. The table does not list all gold holders: countries which have not reported their gold holdings to the IMF in the last six months are not included, while other countries are known to hold gold but they do not report their holdings publicly.
Any change in Turkey's gold reserves is a net result of purchase/sale and the policy accepting gold in its reserve requirements from commercial banks.''

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