Health care in China – additional information
According to the graph at hand, the total number of hospitals in China has increased significantly over the last decade from roughly 18,700 in 2005 to about 27,600 hospitals in 2015. As of 2016, the region with the highest number of hospitals in China had been Sichuan province with 2,066 hospitals, followed by Shandong province with 2,018 hospitals. In the same year, Chinese hospitals had provided about 5.69 million hospital beds in total and approximately 11.17 million people had been employed in the medical sector of China.
Health care institutions in China have suffered from regional disparities in medical resources, especially between economically developed and less developed regions. In 2016, hospitals and other health institutions in Guangdong, the largest province in South Central China, had registered the highest number of hospital visits among Chinese regions, amounting to about 812 million visits, while the Autonomous Region of Tibet only registered 14 million visits.
Expenditure for health care provision have taken up a large proportion of people’s incomes in China and increased dramatically over the last 25 years. In 1990, annual health care expenditure per capita in urban areas had amounted to a mere 26 yuan, whereas in 2016 more than 1,631 yuan had been attributed to individual medical costs.