Foreign population Spain 2018, by nationality

Foreign population residing in Spain in 2018, by nationality

by Fernando Forte, last edited Jun 25, 2019
Foreign population Spain 2018, by nationality As recorded by the Spanish Statistics Institute (INE), Moroccans ranked first as the foreign nationality with more residents in Spain in 2017, closely followed by Colombians and Venezuelans. After years of losing its foreign population, Spain’s immigration figures started to pick up in 2015, with the number of people that moved to the Mediterranean country surpassing the number of foreigners that decided to leave.
The depopulation of a country

Even though Spain is continually losing its nationals, the inflow migration figures of the European country saw an enormous increase over the last few years, ceasing the country’s ongoing downward trend in population in 2016. The population of Spain has been in decline for many years and was projected to decrease by nearly one million by 2023. This will not come as a surprise since Spain has the lowest fertility rate in the European Union, with barely 1.34 children per woman according to the latest reports.

The European Union immigration context

In 2015, the European Union confronted a rising number of refugees arriving from the Middle East. Consequently, migration figures show that Germany accommodated approximately 14 million foreign-born citizens, ranking it as the country that most hosted immigrants in Europe in 2018. By comparison, Spain’s foreign population stood merely over six million, positioning the Western Mediterranean country sixth on the European list of foreign-born population.
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Foreign population residing in Spain in 2018, by nationality

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Foreign population
Morocco682,515
Romania675,086
United Kingdom285,698
Italy221,781
China183,387
Colombia160,111
Ecuador140,032
Germany139,096
Bulgaria125,244
France106,508
Portugal100,414
Ucrania99,108
Venezuela91,228
Argentina74,466
Russia73,651
Bolivia72,443
Peru66,949
Brasil66,004
Poland64,881
Honduras64,163
Dominican Republic61,483
Paraguay57,157
Algeria53,530
Cuba51,576
Pakistan50,554
Senegal49,391
Netherlands47,919
United States38,624
India36,070
Belgium35,136
Foreign population
Morocco682,515
Romania675,086
United Kingdom285,698
Italy221,781
China183,387
Colombia160,111
Ecuador140,032
Germany139,096
Bulgaria125,244
France106,508
Portugal100,414
Ucrania99,108
Venezuela91,228
Argentina74,466
Russia73,651
Bolivia72,443
Peru66,949
Brasil66,004
Poland64,881
Honduras64,163
Dominican Republic61,483
Paraguay57,157
Algeria53,530
Cuba51,576
Pakistan50,554
Senegal49,391
Netherlands47,919
United States38,624
India36,070
Belgium35,136
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by Fernando Forte, last edited Jun 25, 2019
As recorded by the Spanish Statistics Institute (INE), Moroccans ranked first as the foreign nationality with more residents in Spain in 2017, closely followed by Colombians and Venezuelans. After years of losing its foreign population, Spain’s immigration figures started to pick up in 2015, with the number of people that moved to the Mediterranean country surpassing the number of foreigners that decided to leave.
The depopulation of a country

Even though Spain is continually losing its nationals, the inflow migration figures of the European country saw an enormous increase over the last few years, ceasing the country’s ongoing downward trend in population in 2016. The population of Spain has been in decline for many years and was projected to decrease by nearly one million by 2023. This will not come as a surprise since Spain has the lowest fertility rate in the European Union, with barely 1.34 children per woman according to the latest reports.

The European Union immigration context

In 2015, the European Union confronted a rising number of refugees arriving from the Middle East. Consequently, migration figures show that Germany accommodated approximately 14 million foreign-born citizens, ranking it as the country that most hosted immigrants in Europe in 2018. By comparison, Spain’s foreign population stood merely over six million, positioning the Western Mediterranean country sixth on the European list of foreign-born population.
Show more
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