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Number of immigrants into Spain 2019, by nationality

Colombia ranked as the country of origin of the largest immigration group in Spain in 2019, as revealed by the latest data. Over 76.5 thousand people migrated from the South American country to Spain that year. The second largest group was comprised by Moroccans with around 73 thousand newcomers.

A matter of balance

The net migration rate of Spain changed its course mainly due to the great inflow of foreigners that move to reside in the Mediterranean country. Spain’s immigration flow slowed down (poner stat) after the 2008 financial crisis, which left Spain with one of the highest unemployment rates in Europe, albeit the number of foreigners that opted to change their residence saw a significant growth in the last years. In 2017, Moroccans ranked first as the foreign nationality that most relocated to Spain, closely followed by Colombians and Venezuelans.

The European Union immigration context

In 2015, the European Union confronted a rising number of refugees arriving from the Middle East, initiating a period in which the number of asylum applications in Europe rocketed, peaking that same year at over 1.2 million applicants. Most of these applications were administered by Germany, which was the European country that most received these applications in 2017. In addition, migration figures show that Germany accommodated approximately 14 million foreign-born citizens, ranking it as the country that most hosted immigrants in Europe in 2018. By comparison, Spain’s foreign population stood merely over six million, positioning the Western Mediterranean country sixth on the European list of foreign-born population.

Number of immigrants into Spain in 2019, by nationality

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Release date

July 2020



Survey time period


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Statistics on "Demographics of Spain"

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