Number of households in Germany 2000-2018, by size

The number of one-person households in Germany has been increasing in the last decade, while the opposite was true for three-person homes. In 2018, 17.3 thousand German households had one occupant.

Ageing population

These trends may be rooted in various reasons, such as population developments, ageing, urbanization, individual lifestyles, flexible living arrangements. When looking at the growing number of one-person households, depending on the age group, this increase may be due to being single, for example, as well as an older person living alone. The largest share of the German population was aged 40 to 59 years, followed by those aged 65 and older. In terms of housing situations, most were renting and more than half of the population lived in an apartment.

Decreasing household member numbers

Another spin on single household statistics in Germany is recording the average number of household members. Since the 1990s this number has been decreasing and thus far the evidence points towards this trend continuing.

Number of households in Germany from 2000 to 2018, by size

One personTwo personsThree personsFour personsFive persons and more
201817,33313,9834,9233,7481,390
201717,26313,8504,9723,8231,397
2016*16,83213,9155,0283,8071,377
201516,87513,9564,9403,6791,323
201416,41213,8374,9683,6721,333
201316,17613,7484,9893,6881,332
201215,97913,6654,9923,7391,332
2011*15,86713,5145,0013,7781,350
201016,19513,7935,0893,8461,378
200915,99513,7415,1393,8871,427
200815,79113,6365,2473,9661,437
200715,38513,4965,3094,0811,450
200615,44713,3755,3574,1071,479
2005*14,69513,2665,4774,2131,527
200414,56613,3355,4134,2181,590
200314,42613,1695,4624,2681,618
200214,22413,0595,4874,3151,633
200114,05612,9045,5024,3461,647
200013,75012,7205,5984,3911,665
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Source

Release date

July 2019

Region

Germany

Survey time period

2000 to 2018

Supplementary notes

* The source adds that figures are only partly comparable due to the following changes in methodology:
2005: Change from fixed reference week to flexible reference week survey.
2011: Projection for years starting from 2011 according to population estimations based on Zensus 2011. Projections for years prior to 2011 according to population estimations based on population census of 1987.
2016: Change in usage of reserve sample according to population estimations based on Zensus 2011. Reserve sample for years prior to 2016 according to population estimations based on census of 1987.

Figures refer to population in private households at main or secondary residence.

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