Prevalence of problem drug use in Europe in 2017, by country

In 2017, there were 10.12 problem drug users in Portugal per 1,000 population in the country, the highest prevalence of problem drug use among the selected European countries shown. Problem drug use is defined by the source as injecting drug use or regular use of opioids, cocaine or amphetamines.

Examples of problem drug use in Europe

According to the latest figures the UK had the highest share of their population who had used cocaine in the previous year in Europe. 2.3 percent of the British population had used cocaine in the preceding twelve months, followed by Spain and the Netherlands which both had two percent of individuals using cocaine. When it comes to amphetamines, Norway and the Netherlands had the highest prevalence of use with 1.7 percent of their respective populations using in the last year.

Drug deaths in Europe

In 2017, 45 percent of those who died as a result of drug use in Europe were aged between 40 and 64 years, while 41 percent of drug deaths were among 25 to 39 year olds. Estonia was the country in Europe with the highest incidence of drug deaths in 2017 at 130 per million population. 

Prevalence of problem drug use per 1,000 inhabitants in Europe in 2017*, by country

Prevalence per 1,000 inhabitants
United Kingdom9.16
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Release date

November 2019



Survey time period


Age group

15-64 years

Supplementary notes

* Or latest year.

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Statistics on "Drug use in Europe"

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