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Assets under management by pension funds in the Netherlands 2011-2018

In 2018, Dutch pension funds had roughly 1,455 billion euros worth of assets under management (AUM). Only funds from the United Kingdom had more within the EU-28, with over 2,400 billion euros. It is compulsory in the Netherlands to participate in a pension fund when you are employed. Part of one’s salary is transferred to a pension fund each month. These payments are used to invest further in order to provide a future supplement to the state pension (called AOW), a base income for any person who lives or works in the Netherlands after the employee retires. Because of this system, pension funds make up the majority of the financial assets of households in the country.

Financial health of pension funds is important to the Netherlands

Simply put, the Dutch pension system forces citizens to set money aside for later. The reliance on pension funds does mean, however, that authorities must keep a close eye that the funds have enough financial reserves to actually pay the retirees. An important way of measuring this is the so-called policy funding ratio (in Dutch: dekkingsgraad), which compares the assets from a pension fund against its liabilities. Should the index (which is based on the last 12 months) reach 100 percent, the fund is able to pay all the pensions. Should the ratio become too low, however, funds are forced to cut in their pay-outs. From 2020, the ratio all pension funds have to reach is set at 104 percent.

Pension funds rank among the highest investors

As all employees participate, Dutch pension funds have a lot of money to invest with. In 2017, total investments amounted to approximately 1.35 trillion U.S. dollars. The funds are free to choose what projects to invest in: this can range from mortgages to infrastructure projects to economic projects within the Netherlands or prospects in other countries. For example, the investments from Dutch pension funds in hedge funds reached a value of 24.9 billion euros in the middle of 2018.

Total value of assets under management (AUM) by pension funds in the Netherlands from 2011 to 2018

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Release date

December 2019



Survey time period

2011 to 2018

Supplementary notes

The source states that the numbers: "represent amounts recorded at the end of period." The figures have been taken from several publications.

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Statistics on "Pension funds in the Netherlands"

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