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Population of the Netherlands 2019, by age

As of January 1, 2019, there were approximately 3.8 million people younger than 20 years living in the Netherlands. The largest age group was formed by those between 40 and 65 years old. Together, this age group numbered nearly six million people. The retired population of the Netherlands consisted of approximately three million people. Considering this make-up of Dutch society, it is not surprising there are so many debates on increasing the retirement age. The ratio of the non-working population to the working population has decreased between 1950 and today. In 2019, the green population pressure was 37.3 percent.

Old age pensions grew steadily

When reaching the retirement age, there is an insurance scheme which covers everyone who lives or works in the Netherlands, regardless of nationality. This basic pension scheme is called AOW (National Old Age Pensions Act), though for those who have not lived in the Netherlands for a full 50 years, the pension is proportional. Between 1998 and 2018, the number of old age pensions grew steadily, reaching a total of 3.4 million pensions in 2018. As of the same year, disability pensions had approximately 3.8 million members, which is an increase of 270,000 pensions compared to the previous year.

Decrease in company pension funds

The number of company pension funds decreased drastically over a period of 21 years. In 1997, 957 pension funds by companies were registered, whereas by 2018 this decreased to a total of just 160 company pension schemes.

Population of the Netherlands in 2019, by age

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Release date

December 2019



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

The population of the Netherlands consists of the total number of people residing permanently in the Netherlands that have registered with the authorities in the Netherlands, including those without a permanent address. Not included are non-permanent residents, those not registered with the authorities, illegal residents and those excluded on professional grounds (diplomats and NATO military).

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Statistics on "Demographics of the Netherlands"

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