Annual global investment required to fund sustainable development from 2000 to 2050

This statistic shows the estimated amount of investment required annually for the period between 2000 and 2050 in order for sustainability to be achieved in the areas of energy, agriculture and food security. According to estimates, the global amount of investment required for sustainable development is around 2.17 trillion U.S. dollars per year.

Estimated annual cost for sustainable development in energy, agriculture and food security worldwide between 2000 and 2050

WorldwideIn developing countries
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Release date

February 2017



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

The aims and assumptions for each category of required invested are as follows: Stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations to limit warming to <2ºC (with at least 50 per cent probability); Significant end-use efficiency increase and greenhouse gas stabilization to < 2ºC; Minimum investments in securing livelihoods, assuming successful mitigation; Increasing agricultural yields to ensure global food security without further expanding agricultural land

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Statistics on "Global mega trends 2017"

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