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Share of unemployed people in France 2006-2018, by immigration status

Since the mid-2000s the percentage of people looking for a job in France has gradually increased. However, one pattern remained the same. The immigrant population remains more affected by this phenomenon. In 2007, more than 14 percent of immigrants were jobless in France, compared to 7 percent of the non-immigrant population. More than ten years later, in 2018, the share of people looking for a job in France amounted to 8.3 percent for non-immigrants and reached 15.3 percent for immigrants. Ever since the 2008 financial crisis, France has been struggling with the issue of unemployment. The unemployment rate reached a record number in 2015, with 10.36 percent. Even though France has seen an improvement in its unemployment rate since then, this keeps being one of the country’s main difficulties

The characteristics of unemployment in France

Even though France has seen an improvement in its unemployment rate since then, this keeps being one of the country’s main difficulties. In 2017, the unemployment rate for women who were foreigners from outside the European Union (EU) amounted to 26.4 percent. In comparison, that same year, the unemployment rate of French women was of 8.7 percent. Another category of the population particularly affected by unemployment in France is the youth. In 2019, the estimated youth unemployment rate in the country was at 20.1 percent, making it one of the highest in Europe.

Facing discriminations

In a survey from 2016, 23 percent of responding French declared that that have already experienced discrimination based on gender, age, origin, skin, color, religion, or health condition during their professional career. Work areas like the career or the job search were among the fields in which the interviewees reported to have suffered the most from discrimination. Age, gender and origin or skin color were said to be factors that could lead to discrimination not only at work but in everyday life. In 2016, 80 percent of French individuals who have experienced discrimination when looking for a property to rent stated that this discrimination was related to their skin color or their origins.

Percentage of people looking for a job in France from 2006 to 2018, by immigration status

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Release date

November 2019



Survey time period

2006 to 2018

Age group

15 years and older

Special properties

Persons living in ordinary households

Method of interview

Computer-assisted personal interviews (CAPI)

Supplementary notes

* Includes people without any links with immigration as well as descendants of immigrants.

The source does not specify the number of respondents.

Metropolitan France until 2013. France including Mayotte since 2014.

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Statistics on "Unemployment in France"

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