Especially critical is the youth unemployment rate (referring to those younger than 25 years), which reached 18.7 percent in 2016 in the European Union. Analyzing each EU country, Greece again shows the highest youth unemployment rate, followed by Spain and Italy.
Youth unemployment rates differ greatly between men and women. This can easily be seen, for example, in Italy, where the female rate in 2016 peaked at 41.3 percent, while the male rate reached 36.8 percent. Taking sectors of economy into account, the sector with the highest number of unemployed individuals in Spain in 2016 was the service sector. Interestingly, in 2013, 5.6 percent of the labor force that were unemployed in Belgium had a university degree.