Demographics of India

Statistics report on demographics of India

Demographics of India

This report provides a range of statistics and facts on population demographics of India. It contains data on current and future demographic traits of the population, such as population size and age structure, as well as figures household structures, and key socio-economic indicators. Information on migration is also curated.

Table of contents


  • Basic Statistic Development of the world population until 2050
  • Basic Statistic Total population of India 2029
  • Basic Statistic Population density in India 2011-2021
  • Basic Statistic Literacy rate in India 1981-2022, by gender
  • Premium Statistic Share of population by caste identity India 2019-2021

Age and gender

  • Basic Statistic Age distribution in India 2012-2022
  • Basic Statistic Median age of the population in India 2100
  • Premium Statistic Population distribution in India 2020, by gender and age group
  • Premium Statistic Gender ratio in India 2018-2020, by region
  • Premium Statistic India's gender ratio 2018-20, by state


  • Premium Statistic Number of households in India 2011, by region
  • Premium Statistic Distribution of households in India 2019-2021, by size
  • Premium Statistic Household distribution in India 2019-2021 by structure
  • Premium Statistic Number of households in India 2021-2047, by income class

Fertility and mortality

  • Basic Statistic Crude birth rate in India 2011-2021
  • Basic Statistic Fertility rate in India 2011-2021
  • Basic Statistic Life expectancy in India 2021
  • Premium Statistic Death rate in India 2021

Income and expenditure

  • Premium Statistic Population in India 2011-2019, by income tier
  • Premium Statistic Rate of labor participation across India 2023
  • Basic Statistic Unemployment rate in India 2022
  • Premium Statistic Households by annual income India FY 2021
  • Premium Statistic Annual household consumption expenditure in India 2013-2022


  • Basic Statistic Urbanization in India 2022
  • Basic Statistic Rural and urban population in India 2018-2022
  • Premium Statistic Migration rate in India 2020-2021
  • Basic Statistic Largest cities in India 2023

External migration

  • Premium Statistic Number of emigrants and immigrants in India 1995-2020
  • Premium Statistic Number of Indian students studying abroad 2017-2022
  • Premium Statistic Number of work emigrants India 2020-2022
  • Premium Statistic Number of Indians renouncing citizenship India 2020-2022

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