Ranking of the most dangerous cities in the world in 2015, by murder rate per capita

This statistic ranks the 50 most dangerous cities of 2015, by murder rate per 100,000 inhabitants. San Pedro Sula’s murder rate was 111.03 per capita.

The world’s most dangerous cities

The Citizens' Council for Public Security and Criminal Justice published a ranking of the world’s most dangerous cities in 2015, ranking cities according to the number of murders per 100,000 inhabitants that year. Caracas in Venezuela ranked first on the list, with a murder rate of 119.87 per 100,000 inhabitants. That year, there were 3,946 homicides in Caracas, while the city had a population of 3.29 million people. Caracas was followed by San Pedro Sula in Honduras with murder rate of 111.03.

Most of the world’s most dangerous cities were located in Central or South America. St. Louis in the United States with a murder rate of 49.93 and 159 murders committed in 2014, ranked nineteenth and was one of seven cities outside of Central or South America to make it into the top fifty. Detroit, with a murder rate of 44.87 and 309 murders that year, came in at twenty-second place.

Violence in Central and South America is caused in great part by drug trafficking, weapons trafficking and gang wars. Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador are major shipping points for South American cocaine, which travels through Mexico to reach American consumers. Between 2007 and 2012, it is estimated that there were nearly 38,000 drug-related fatalities in Mexico alone. Though rates of gang and drug-related activities in Mexico reportedly fell from 2007 to 2012 due to a government squeeze, traffickers have gone elsewhere and violence surged in other regions.

Meanwhile, violence in Central and South America has influenced immigration from affected areas into the United States. Migration from Mexico to the U.S. is considered the largest migration flow in the world, with 11.6 million migrants in 2010.

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 Rate per 100,000 inhabitants
Caracas - Venezuela 119.87
San Pedro Sula - Honduras 111.03
San Salvador - El Salvador 108.54
Acapulco - Mexico 104.73
Maturín - Venezuela 86.45
Distrito Central - Honduras 73.51
Valencia - Venezuela 72.31
Palmira - Colombia 70.88
Cape Town - South Africa 65.53
Cali - Colombia 64.27
Ciudad Guayana - Venezuela 62.33
Fortaleza - Brazil 60.77
Natal - Brazil 60.66
Salvador (y RMS) - Brazil 60.63
ST. Louis - USA 59.23
Joao Pessoa - Brazil 58.4
Culiacan - Mexico 56.09
Maceio - Brazil 55.63
Baltimore - USA 54.98
Barquisimeto - Venezuela 54.96
Sao Luis - Brazil 53.05
Cuiaba - Brazil 48.52
Manaus - Brazil 47.87
Cumaná - Venezuela 47.77
Guatemala - Guatemala 47.17
Belem - Brazil 45.83
Feira de Santana - Brazil 45.5
Detroit - USA 43.89
Goiania - Brazil 43.38
Teresina - Brazil 42.64
Vitoria - Brazil 41.99
New Orleans - USA 41.44
Kingston - Jamaica 41.14
Gran Barcelona - Venezuela 40.08
Tijuana - Mexico 39.09
Vitória da Conquista - Brazil 38.46
Recife - Brazil 38.12
Aracaju - Brazil 37.7
Campos dos Goytacazes - Brazil 36.16
Campina Grande - Brazil 36.04
Durban - South Africa 35.93
Nelson Mandela Bay - South Africa 35.85
Porto Alegre - Brazil 34.73
Curitiba - Brazil 34.71
Pereira - Colombia 32.58
Victoria - Mexico 30.5
Johanesburgo - South Africa 30.31
Macapa - Brazil 30.25
Maracaibo - Venezuela 28.85
Obregon - Mexico 28.29
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