With the belief that two companies together are more valuable than when existing separately, individual companies often consolidate with a target of achieving greater efficiency and market share through merger and acquisition deals (M&A). Although the terms “merger” and “acquisition” are often used interchangeably, they represent different methods of company consolidation processes. A merger is a combination of two companies to form a new company, while an acquisition, called a hostile takeover, is the purchase of one company by another, in which no new company is formed.
Merger and acquisition transactions, due to complexity of the whole process, are managed by financial advisory companies. Goldman Sachs was the leading M&A advisor in both the United States and Europe, in terms of value of M&A transactions in which it assisted.
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