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Police in Canada - Statistics & Facts

Law enforcement in Canada is structured under three tiers: federal, provincial, and municipal. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (federal police) enforce federal laws nationwide as well as being the sole police force in the territories of Nunavut, Yukon, and the Northwest Territories. In addition, all provinces aside from Ontario and Quebec contract out their provincial law enforcement to the RCMP. Likewise, smaller municipalities may contract out their policing to the provincial governments and the RCMP.

In 2017, operating expenditures for police services in Canada totaled to 414 Canadian dollars per capita. With more than five billion Canadian dollars, Ontario was the province with the highest per capita spending on policing in Canada as of 2018. Along with the increasing per capita expenditures on policing, the number of police officers in Canada has also increased while the crime rate has notably decreased over the last years.

In addition to the increasing number of police officers and expenditure on policing, the wages of police officers themselves has also risen, with the average hourly wage for police officers in Canada at 28.22 Canadian dollars in 2013. Another trend in the police force was the rising number of women in all ranks. In 2018, female officers made up nearly 22 percent of all police in Canada, and over 15 percent of senior officer positions were held by women that year.

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In the following 3 chapters, you will quickly find the 19 most important statistics relating to "Police in Canada".

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Police resources in Canada

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