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Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Canada - Statistics & Facts

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact countries around the world. Although vaccination campaigns have now started to provide relief, the spread of SARS-CoV-2 variants and non-compliance with public health recommendations and restrictions have resulted in new waves of infection. As of May 16, 2022, the number of COVID-19 cases worldwide had reached about 521 million. Canada confirmed its first case in late January 2020 – linked to an individual who had recently traveled to Wuhan, China. It was not until the beginning of March 2020 that the first case of community transmission was reported.
Shortly afterward, the cumulative number of COVID-19 cases in Canada began to rise. This resulted in provinces and territories declaring states of emergency, closing schools and non-essential businesses, and prohibiting public gatherings. As a result, the daily number of new cases of COVID-19 in Canada decreased. However, cases began to surge in the autumn, once again causing restrictions to be put into place. A sharp fall in cases was recorded in early 2021, but the country started to experience a third wave of infection in March and again in December of 2021. As of May 16, 2022, the total number of COVID-19 cases in Canada had reached 3.8 million, with most cases found in Ontario and Quebec.

What percentage of Canada’s population has been vaccinated?

There are currently seven COVID-19 vaccines approved for distribution and administration in Canada. The COVID-19 vaccine most widely distributed in Canada has been developed by Pfizer-BioNTech. The other six vaccines have been made by Moderna, Novavax, Medicago, Sanofi and GlaxoSmithKline, AstraZeneca, and Johnson & Johnson. The number of people in Canada who are partially vaccinated against COVID-19 is around 1.2 million, while 31 million have been fully vaccinated.
The provinces or territories with the highest coverage of fully vaccinated people are Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Around 82 percent of Canada’s population was fully vaccinated against COVID-19 as of May 8, 2022.

The COVID-19 death toll in Canada

As of May 15, 2022, there had been 39.9 thousand coronavirus-related fatalities across the country. The number of COVID-19 deaths in Canada by province showed that, once again, Quebec and Ontario were the most affected areas. Unsurprisingly, when looking at the number of COVID-19 deaths in Canada by age, it is very clear that the elderly are most at risk. In fact, those aged 80 years and older have accounted for around 60 percent of the deaths in Canada. Although the vaccination rollout offers hope in ending this deadly pandemic, the rise of SARS-CoV-2 variants has added yet another challenge. Omicron is currently the most widespread SARS-CoV-2 variant in Canada.

What impact has the pandemic had on Canada’s economy?

Much like the rest of the world, the COVID-19 pandemic has also had a staggering effect on Canada’s economy. It was estimated that the unemployment rate in Canada in 2020 was around 9.58 percent, almost double what it was in 2019. Furthermore, Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP) decreased in 2020 for the first time in decades. The pandemic has negatively impacted many industries, with tourism, airlines, and other service-related industries some of the hardest hit. In response, the government has initiated financial aid and social security programs aimed at helping individuals and families as well as businesses. It is difficult to say what lasting effect the pandemic will have on the economy, but recent projections on the impact of COVID-19 on GDP growth in Canada already show that an increase is expected in 2021 compared to 2020.

For further information about the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, please visit our dedicated Facts and Figures page.

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