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Provinces and territories of Canada - Statistics & Facts

Canada is comprised of ten provinces and three territories. The provinces receive their authority from the 1867 Constitution Act (the document which describes the operation of the Canadian government and the establishment of a federal dominion, the term for autonomous regions within the British Empire) while the territories have their power delegated to them by the federal government. Provincial governments are semi-sovereign, holding jurisdiction over things like education and health care within the province.

As of 2021, Ontario had the highest population of the provinces and territories in Canada at 14.8 million residents . It is also home to the largest metropolitan area, Toronto, holding roughly half the province's population, at 6.57 million people . Prince Edward Island is the smallest province in Canada with a population of only 164,318.

Unsurprisingly, Ontario also has the highest GDP. In 2021, the gross domestic product of Ontario was 746 billion Canadian dollars, accounting for nearly 40 percent of Canada’s total GDP . The greatest generator of income in the province is the real estate and rental and leasing industry, contributing over 13 percent of the province’s GDP.

In 2021, the unemployment situation in Canada varied considerably, depending on region . The province of Newfoundland and Labrador had an unemployment rate of about 13 percent, more than the national average. Meanwhile, the Yukon territory had a rate of only 5.2 percent. Median family income also ranged widely, reaching as high as 124,510 Canadian dollars in the Northwest Territories while almost half that in Nunavut, at 77,650 dollars in 2019.

In 2020, the Crime Severity Index, which takes into account both volume and seriousness of the crime, was 414.46 in the Northwest Territories -- the highest in Canada -- and more than eight times higher than Quebec, the lowest, at 51.65.

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