Provinces and territories of Canada - Statistics & Facts

Canada is comprised of ten provinces and three territories. The provinces receive their authority from the 1867 Constitution Act (the document which describes the operation of the Canadian government and the establishment of a federal dominion, the term for autonomous regions within the British Empire) while the territories have their power delegated to them by the federal government. Provincial governments are semi-sovereign, holding jurisdiction over things like education and health care within the province.

As of 2016, Ontario had the highest population of the provinces and territories in Canada at 13.98 million residents . It is also home to the largest metropolitan area, Toronto, holding roughly half the province's population, at 6.24 million people . Prince Edward Island is the smallest province in Canada with a population of only 148,649 .

Unsurprisingly, Ontario also has the highest GDP. In 2015, the gross domestic product of Ontario was 763 billion Canadian dollars, accounting for nearly 40 percent of Canada’s total GDP . The greatest generator of income in the province is the real estate and rental and leasing industry, contributing over 13 percent of the province’s GDP .

In 2016, the unemployment situation in Canada varied considerably, depending on region . The territory of Nunavut had an unemployment rate of nearly 15 percent, more than double the national average. Meanwhile, the Yukon territory had a rate of only 5.6 percent. Median family income also ranged widely, reaching as high as 112,400 Canadian dollars in the Northwest Territories while almost half that in Nunavut, at 65,190 dollars .

The Crime Severity Index, which takes into account both volume and seriousness of the crime, was 290.48 in the Northwest Territories, the highest in Canada, and almost six times higher than Ontario, the lowest, at 50 .

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