Northern Ireland - Statistics and Facts

Northern Ireland is the northeastern part of the island of Ireland which is part of the United Kingdom, and borders the Republic of Ireland to the south. As of 2020 the population of Northern Ireland was estimated to be 1.89 million, with around 342,560 people living in the capital, and largest city of Belfast. The region has a politically complex history with regard to the religious and national identity of it's inhabitants, which, broadly speaking, associates Protestantism with British Unionism, and Catholicism with Irish unity. Between the late 1960s and late 1990s, these differences erupted into a three-decade long conflict between these two communities known as the Troubles, with much of the violence ending after the Good Friday agreement of 1998. In recent years, the issue of Brexit has added an extra-dimension to the status of Northern Ireland, especially regarding trade on the UK's only land border, between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

Key figures on Northern Ireland's economy

In 2020 the gross domestic product of Northern Ireland amounted to 48.5 billion British pounds, a fall of around 1.8 billion pounds compared with the previous year, due to a negative growth rate of around 10.5 percent. This equated to a GDP per head of around 25,575 pounds compared with 26,551 in the previous year. A more recent indicator of Northern Ireland's economy is the unemployment rate, which was 2,3 percent in March 2022. Although Northern Ireland's unemployment rate was below the UK average during this month, Northern Ireland also had the highest economic inactivity rate in the UK. As of the fourth quarter of 2021, the average number of hours worked by full-time workers in Northern Ireland was 36.1 hours a week, significantly below the pre-prandemic levels of 2019.

Crime remains below UK average

The crime rate of Northern Ireland in 2020/21 was 49.8 crimes per one thousand people which was quite far below that of England and Wales, and Scotland. Although in recent years there has been fairly significant crimes rises across the UK, Northern Ireland's crime rate has remained fairly stable, with crime increasing, but not as rapidly. In 2020/21, there were 94,339 crimes reported by the police in Northern Ireland, compared with 106,492 in the previous reporting year. In the same year there were 22homicides in Northern Ireland, down from 45 in 2002/03.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 31 most important statistics relating to "Northern Ireland".

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