Environmental concerns are beginning to disrupt the monopoly that gasoline-powered vehicles held over the industry for so long. Fuel ethanol or "biofuel" production has skyrocketed from 175 million gallons produced in 1980 to an estimated 15.8 billion gallons produced in 2017. Alternative fuels provide options for consumers to drive vehicles that emit significantly decreased levels of air pollution. Electric vehicles employ the use of electric motors, which allow for consumers to drive without concerns over emitting dangerous air pollutants. However, these type of vehicles still present concerns over efficiency, battery range and safety. Thus, manufacturers such as Toyota offer popular hybrid models that utilize ICEs to help power electric motors.
It is evident that gasoline-powered vehicles are losing their stronghold over the automobile industry. However, the jury is still out over when alternative fuel options will overtake the beloved vehicles that pushed Americans to hit the road.