New Zealand’s dairy economyA wide variety of dairy products are produced in New Zealand including fluid milk, milk powders, butter, cheese, and infant formula. To produce the vast array of products, thousands of dairy farms across millions of hectares of land are home to millions of dairy livestock. In fact, the population of dairy cattle was higher than the population of the country. Dairy farming provides thousands of New Zealanders and migrants with direct employment across the country, and the dairy workforce continues to grow each year. Additionally, indirect employment in relation to the dairy sector, from construction activity to logistic operations, further supports the New Zealand economy.
New Zealand has a reputation for delivering high quality dairy products across the world and has created a name for itself as a world leading dairy exporter. The nation is the largest exporter of whole milk powder (WMP), with around 95 percent of the milk produced in New Zealand processed to be exported. Other important export products include butter, cheese, infant formula, and skim milk powder. China, Australia, the United States, and Japan were some of the country’s biggest trade partners for dairy products.