Global Dairy Industry - Statistics & Facts

From ice cream to cheese to butter, some of the finest things in life are made from milk. The first evidence of dairy consumption dates back over six thousand years, and today dairy products are enjoyed all over the world. Over the past couple millennia there has been an incredible amount of creativity and innovation when it comes to processing, fermenting, and consuming dairy products. In 2017, the volume of the dairy market worldwide was estimated to be about 216 metric tons, which is projected to grow to 234 metric tons by 2021. Perhaps unsurprisingly, liquid milk takes up the highest share of the global dairy market at 54 percent as of 2017, followed by yogurt and other products.

In terms of production, the vast majority of dairy products are made with cow’s milk. India tops the list with the most milk cows of any country, at 56.5 million, while the leading producer of cow milk in the world is Europe, followed by the United States and India. Although East Asian countries do not have a long history of milk consumption, in recent years China has more than tripled its domestic milk production volume since 2000.

One of the many consequences of globalization is that dairy products are now consumed all across the world, and every year massive quantities of milk and cheese and other dairy products are traded between countries. In 2017, over 45 billion U.S. dollars worth of dairy products were exported, a significant increase from about 39 billion dollars in the previous year. The European Union, with countries like France, Ireland, and Germany which are renowned for their cheese and butter, controls a 39 percent share of the global dairy product export market, the largest of any world region. Germany alone exports about 4.4 billion dollars worth of cheese in a year.

As charming as they were, the days of small family owned dairy farms are long gone, and now enormous corporations such as Dairy Farmers of America and Fonterra control significant shares of the global dairy market. Nestlé Group, one of the largest food and drink companies in the world, earned about 13.4 billion Swiss francs from milk product sales in 2017, making dairy the third largest product category for the multinational giant.

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