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Number of milk cows worldwide by country 2018

Number of milk cows worldwide in 2018, by country (in 1,000 heads)

by M. Shahbandeh, last edited Jul 16, 2019
Number of milk cows worldwide by country 2018

How many cows are in the world?

India is home to the highest number of milk cows of any country, at around 58.5 million head as of 2018. That year, the European Union had the second most milk cows worldwide, at over 23.3 million head.

Raising milk cows

In the United States, the cost of feeding, housing, and caring for a single cow is around 2,260 U.S. dollars per 24 months. Though this price might seem high, when one considers that the average milk cow in the United States produces around 23.17 thousand pounds of milk per year, the investment might be worth it.

Dairy production worldwide

Although India is by far the largest producer of milk cows, the 28 member states of the European Union collectively produce about twice the amount of cow milk of India. In 2018, the EU-28’s production volume of milk reached 154.8 million metric tons. The United States came in second place with just under 100 million metric tons of milk, followed by India with 76 million metric tons. The European Union is also the leading producer of cheese worldwide, at 10.16 million metric tons in 2018.
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Number of milk cows worldwide in 2018, by country (in 1,000 heads)

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