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Number of milk cows worldwide by country 2020

How many cows are in the world?

India is home to the highest number of milk cows of any country, at around 56.45 million head as of 2020. That year, the European Union had the second most milk cows worldwide, at over 22.63 million head.

Raising milk cows

In the United States, the cost of feeding, housing, and caring for a single cow is around 2,260 U.S. dollars per 24 months. Though this price might seem high, when one considers that the average milk cow in the United States produces around 23.4 thousand pounds of milk per year, the investment might be worth it.

Dairy production worldwide

Although India is by far the largest producer of milk cows, the 28 member states of the European Union collectively produce about twice the amount of cow milk of India. The United States came in second place with just under 101 million metric tons of milk, followed by India with 94 million metric tons. The European Union is also the leading producer of cheese worldwide.

Number of milk cows worldwide in 2020, by country

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Release date

December 2020



Survey time period


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Statistics on "Dairy industry in India "

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