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Transport infrastructure in Australia - statistics & facts

Australia’s domestic transport infrastructure relies predominantly on its aviation network. This can be attributed mostly to the geographical size of the country; Australia is nearly as large as North America. However, unlike North America, Australia has a comparatively small, sparsely distributed population.

Ground based infrastructure

In terms of ground-based infrastructure, Australia has an extensive road network, which covers well in excess of 875 thousand kilometres nationally, the majority of which are non-urban roads. There is also an extensive, multi gauge rail network in place. It should be noted however that although there are urban and non-urban rail services, the country has no high-speed intercity rail infrastructure in place, with the only existing rail services being luxury tourist services (such as the Indian Pacific that runs coast to coast). This means that intercity rail travel is both time consuming and expensive.

Why is domestic aviation so popular?

This latter point goes some way to explaining the popularity of domestic aviation in Australia; air travel ranks second in terms of total national passenger travel in Australia, after road usage. The most popular domestic flight routes run between Melbourne, Brisbane and Sydney, with the Sydney to Melbourne route in particular attracting large numbers of passengers. Airlines have recognized this demand, and as a result of the demand provide a large number of seats on these routes. Qantas, Australia’s flag carrying airline, has a significant market lead in terms of airline passengers carried, transporting more than twice that of nearest domestic competitor Jetstar.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 26 most important statistics relating to "Transport infrastructure in Australia".

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