Argentina’s three main health care programsThe health care system in Argentina is divided into three main schemes: public health care, social security programs, and private health care. As of 2021, around ten percent of Argentinians were part of more than one scheme. In that year, nearly four in every ten beneficiaries were covered by public health care programs – which provide services to people that are not beneficiaries of any other type of health insurance. Social security plans, known as Obras Sociales, cover formal workers and their families and accounted for more than six in every ten health care beneficiaries. Private schemes, paid out of pocket, accounted for less than two in every ten people.
Within social security programs, the national social security scheme was the most common, with over half of all security health care beneficiaries in Argentina. Meanwhile, around a quarter of the people insured were part of provincial social security programs, and close to 20 percent were covered by a national scheme conceived for retirees and pensioners.