While European countries and the U.S. are battling second and third waves of the coronavirus, other hard-hit nations – namely India and Brazil – have seen the number of newly registered coronavirus cases ebb.
As shown in our chart with data from the European CDC, the two nations started their outbreaks later than the EU and the U.S. and did not manage to dent the growth of infections majorly throughout much of the summer, resulting in a more continuous growth – and decline – of infection numbers.
According to the Washington Post, considerable levels of India’s urban populations – for example in Delhi or Mumbai – have been acquiring antibodies, leading to a decline in new cases. Yet, the number of new infections, still standing at around 50,000 a day, continues to pose a challenge to health systems. Pockets of immunity do not mean that countries cannot experience a second wave of the virus, however. According to the reporting, the upcoming festival season and colder weather in some parts of India could cause infections to spike again. Bhramar Mukherjee, a biostatistician at the University of Michigan who studies the Indian coronavirus outbreak, said she was expecting another peak. Epidemiologists see new outbreaks potentially involving less immune rural populations.
Brazil, a southern hemisphere country, is heading into the summer season. This has been credited with some relief on the coronavirus front by Reuters, in addition to immunity acquired in some localities. Underreporting remains a problem in Brazil, suggesting that the outbreak – through peaks and lows – is larger than reported. While the U.S. and the EU are home to around 330 million and 450 million people, respectively, 1.35 billion live in India and 210 million in Brazil.