The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact countries around the world. Many are experiencing further waves of infection, and the number of new coronavirus cases worldwide continues to fluctuate. However, several COVID-19 vaccines have been approved for use in different countries, and immunization programs are well underway. Nevertheless, it remains important for the public to stay vigilant, continue to follow safety precautions, and adhere to rules and regulations.
As of September 12, 2022, the number of COVID-19 vaccine doses administered worldwide had reached almost 12.7 billion. The countries that had administered the most vaccinations were China, India, and the United States. However, when looking at COVID-19 vaccination rates worldwide, the leading countries include Cuba and Chile. Although the United States government has been criticized for its handling of the pandemic, its vaccination rollout has been successful. Elsewhere, the number of COVID-19 vaccination doses administered in Europe has increased substantially after a frustratingly slow start. Wealthier countries have been accused of securing more than their fair share of vaccines, and there is fear that poorer countries will not have access to the supply that they need to curb the escalating pandemic within their borders.
The COVID-19 situation in the United States
As of September 9, 2022, the number of cases and deaths from COVID-19 in the U.S. were almost 95 million and 1.04 million, respectively, as reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. New York was initially hit hardest by the pandemic, but the current situation shows that California, Texas, and Florida have the highest number of COVID-19 cases by state. Furthermore, California, Texas, and Florida have reported the highest number of deaths from the disease. However, when considering population size, Mississippi and Arizona have the highest COVID-19 death rates by state. Like many other countries, the United States enacted lockdown measures and restrictions to curb the pandemic. At the end of March 2020, it was estimated that over 90 percent of the population was under a stay-at-home order. Many states canceled public events, encouraged social distancing, and closed schools, restaurants, and other entertainment venues. However, as case numbers fell, states began lifting lockdown restrictions and reopening the economy, which led to the number of new coronavirus cases in the United States rising sharply in late October / early November 2020. Positive infections declined again over the summer of 2021, but hit record highs towards the end of 2021 and beginning of 2022.
The timeline of the coronavirus
Coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19 for short, is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It is part of a large family of coronaviruses (CoV), which are transmitted from animals to people. Symptoms of COVID-19 resemble that of the common cold, with those infected often experiencing fever, coughing, and shortness of breath. However, in more severe cases, infection can lead to pneumonia, multi-organ failure, severe acute respiratory syndrome, and even death. The exact source of the virus remains unclear, but it is thought to have originated from a seafood market in the city of Wuhan in China. A report released by the World Health Organization (WHO) at the end of March 2021 was the first from the international public health agency to investigate the origins of the virus. The report states the virus probably started spreading no more than a month or two before it was noticed in December 2019. The report added that transmission from one animal to another and then to humans was the most likely scenario. However, the United States, along with other countries including the United Kingdom and South Korea, have criticized the report for being delayed and stating the WHO did not have access to complete or original data and samples from China.
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In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the 33 most important statistics relating to "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic".