Population of Hungary, by gender, 1910-2020

In 1910, modern-day Hungary was a part of the much larger Austro-Hungarian Empire, however this information relates only to the Trianon area, which is what we call Hungary today. In 1910 the population of men and women was very similar, with both figures around 3.8 million people, however the impact of WWI means that the number of women is 330 thousand greater than the number of men in 1920. Although the graph does not show us the total number of Hungarian people who fell in WWI, it does show us the long-term effect that the war had on the population.
This trend is repeated in the Second World War, however to a larger extent. From the graph we can see that both populations grew gradually in the inter-war years, however the growth rate of both genders falls greatly, and the total number of men falls from by 70 thousand people in the 1940s. Again, the graph does not show us the total number who fell during the war, as the interval between the figures is too large, however it does show the long term impacts of the war.
After WWII we can see that the difference between men and women is now 335 thousand in 1950, and the difference remains around this number until 1980 when both populations begin to decline. The number of men drops continuously from 5.2 million in 1980 to 4.7 million in 2015, and the number of women drops from 5.6 to 5.1 million during this time, although it does grow between 1990 and 1995 before falling again. The difference in populations also grows throughout this time from 340 thousand people to 520 thousand people. This decline in population is due to a number of factors, most notably the decreasing birthrate, economic emigration and strict anti-immigration policies against non-EU citizens. The number of men is also decreasing at a faster rate than the number of women, as men are statistically more likely to migrate in search of work.

Population of Hungary from 1910 to 2020 (in millions), shown by gender

Total male populationTotal female population
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Release date

June 2019



Survey time period

1910 to 2019

Supplementary notes

Please note the difference in yearly intervals before 1910 and 1950
Second source available here (page 19-24).

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