The fertility rate of a country is the average number of children that women from that country would have throughout their reproductive years. In France in 1800, the average woman of childbearing age would have 4.4 children over the course of their lifetime. The beginning of the nineteenth century was a tumultuous time in France's history, involving France's revolutionary period, as well as the Napoleonic Empire. In the first decade of the 1800s, the fertility rate dropped by 0.4, before dropping more slowly, by another 0.5 between 1810 and 1850. The fertility growth rate fluctuated slightly in the late 1800s, before dropping drastically in the early twentieth century, falling from an average of 3 children per woman to less than 1.7 in 1920. France's fertility rate reached this point as a result of the First World War, and the influenza epidemic (known as the Spanish Flu) that followed. The interwar period saw a slight increase in fertility rate, before it fell again in the Second World War. Similarly to other major European countries after the war, France experienced a baby boom in the two decades following the war, before dropping again into the 1980s. The fertility rate reached it's lowest point in the post-war period, falling to 1.7 in 1995, before increasing in more recent years.
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UN DESA, & Gapminder. (June 17, 2019). Total fertility rate in France from 1800 to 2020* [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved May 19, 2022, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/1033137/fertility-rate-france-1800-2020/
UN DESA, und Gapminder. "Total fertility rate in France from 1800 to 2020*." Chart. June 17, 2019. Statista. Accessed May 19, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1033137/fertility-rate-france-1800-2020/
UN DESA, Gapminder. (2019). Total fertility rate in France from 1800 to 2020*. Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: May 19, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1033137/fertility-rate-france-1800-2020/
UN DESA, and Gapminder. "Total Fertility Rate in France from 1800 to 2020*." Statista, Statista Inc., 17 Jun 2019, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1033137/fertility-rate-france-1800-2020/
UN DESA & Gapminder, Total fertility rate in France from 1800 to 2020* Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1033137/fertility-rate-france-1800-2020/ (last visited May 19, 2022)