Crude birth rate of India 1880-2020

In India, the crude birth rate in 1880 was 41.5 live births per thousand people, meaning that approximately 4.2 percent of the population had been born in that year. After an initial jump from 40.9 to 46.5 births per thousand between 1885 and 1890, India's crude birth rate remained consistent at just over 45 until the middle of the twentieth century. It was during the late 1940s that India gained its independence from the British Empire, and from this point the crude birth rate has gradually decreased from over 45 births per thousand people in 1945, to below twenty today. In 2020, it is expected to be just 18 births per thousand.

Crude birth rate in India from 1880 to 2020*

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Release date

June 2019



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

*All data given is an average of the preceding five year period.

Source for data from1880-1950 can be found here.

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