Opinion of Russians on why the Berlin Wall was built in 2019

When asked about the reasons behind the construction of the Berlin Wall, nearly one quarter of respondents in Russia saw it as a way to separate West and East Germany and to prevent border-crossing, according to the survey conducted in 2019. Other participants saw the wall as an expression of the Cold War, as a barrier between socialist and capitalist ideologies, or as a means for the Soviet Union to defend the Communist regime from the Western influence.

In your opinion, what was the Berlin Wall built for?*

Share of respondents
It was a form of a border between two states / division of Germany /
to separate people / so that they do not cross borders
Political disputes / different ideologies / socialism and capitalism14%
It was an expression of the Cold War, repartition of zones of influence12%
To strengthen positions of the USSR, defend the Communist regime from harmful influence of the West,
prevent mass escapes
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Release date

November 2019



Survey time period

November 3, 2019

Number of respondents

1,600 respondents

Age group

18 years and older

Method of interview

Telephone interview

Supplementary notes

* An open question; respondents could submit up to five answers. Most popular answers are presented in the statistic.

With a probability of 95 percent, the margin of error does not exceed 2.5 percent.

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